5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[MTT28-P04] Nucleosynthetic Yb isotope anomalies in chondrites
Keywords:isotope anomalies, chondrite, Yb
Ytterbium is an intriguing element which would provide a strong constraint on the origin of planetary scale isotope anomalies in the Solar System. The T50% for Yb (1487 K) is lower than those of the other heavy-REEs (1659 K) and is comparable to that of Sr. Therefore, the thermal processing would lead to heterogeneous Yb isotope distribution in the Solar System, whereas the injection of a nearby ccSN would not generate r-nuclides of Yb. Here we report preliminary results on Yb isotope compositions in one ordinary chondrite (Olivenza, LL5) and one rumuruti chondrite (NWA 753, R3.9).
The Yb isotope ratios for meteorite samples are reported as µYb notations which represent the parts par 106 deviations from the terrestrial isotope ratios. The ordinary and rumuruti chondrites possess large negative anomalies for µ168Yb (–2500 ppm on average) and µ170Yb (–130 ppm on average) exceeding analytical uncertainties of the standard material, whereas the µ171Yb, µ173Yb, and µ176Yb values are indistinguishable from the terrestrial component. The patterns of µYb for the chondrites are not consistent with that representing the deficit of s-process nuclides relative to the terrestrial component. Therefore, the negative anomalies in in µ68Yb and µ170Yb are attributed either to the deficit of p-process nuclides relative to the terrestrial component, or to the analytical artifact due to the overcorrection of interferences from 168Er and 170Er. By contrast, the absence of anomalies for µ171Yb, µ173Yb, and µ176Yb is consistent with the marginal isotope anomalies in ordinary chondrites for Mo and Ru isotopes synthesized by the s- and r-processes, which are significantly smaller than those observed in carbonaceous chondrites and iron meteorites [3-4].
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