Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG10] Small Solar System Bodies: General and Mars Satellite Sample Return Mission

Mon. May 23, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Kiyoshi Kuramoto(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Hokkaido University), Sei-ichiro WATANABE(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), MASATERU ISHIGURO(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Masahiko Arakawa(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tomoko Arai(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University), Chair:Kiyoshi Kuramoto(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Hokkaido University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[PCG10-20] Origin and evolution of Phobos: Scientific objectives awaiting particle measurements by MMX

*Naoki Terada1, Kanako Seki2, Yoshifumi Futaana3, Francois Leblanc4, Shoichiro Yokota5, Yoshifumi Saito5, Ayako Matsuoka5, Reiko Nomura5, Atsushi Yamazaki5, Junichi Kurihara6, Yayoi N. Miura7, Ken-ichi Bajo6, Ryuji Okazaki8, Tomoki Nakamura1, Shingo Kameda9, Yuichiro Cho9, science team MMX mission (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, 4.Laboratoire Atmospheres, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, 5.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 6.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 7.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 8.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, 9.School of Science, Rikkyo University)

Keywords:Phobos, Mars, Particle

In this presentation, we will present scientific objectives of particle measurements by the Mars Moon eXploration (MMX) mission. The MINE (Magnetic field, Ion and Neutral Experiment) package consisting of five instruments (MSA, MIA, REN, NIMES, and MGF) and MEC (Mars Escaping atmosphere Capturing device) have been proposed as possible payloads of the MMX mission. MINE and MEC would perform particle measurements corresponding to the following three scientific objectives: (1) To obtain indirect information on the Phobos internal structure in order to constrain the origin of Phobos independent of the sample analysis results. (2) To characterize the space environment and the surface features of Phobos, with the intention of comparison with asteroids. (3) To constrain the total amount of atmosphere lost from Mars to space during its history. Details of these three scientific objectives will be presented.