5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[PCG10-P04] Moments of inertia of Phobos with inhomogeneous internal structure
Keywords:Phobos, internal structure , moments of inertia
Phobos’s bulk density of 1.86+/-0.013 g/cm3  is lower than most of the samples of carbonaceous material, which requires porosity and/or light elements like water ice. If the low bulk density was explained by water ice, its mass fraction is expected to be 10-35% depending on rocky material grain density . If the mass distribution inside Phobos was inhomogeneous, e.g., water ice was concentrated near the surface or the center, we will observe a deviation of MOI from the value for homogenous interior. Here the MOI differences (dMOI) with respect to the homogenous Phobos are calculated for some cases where we assumed that (1) Phobos has a tri-axial ellipsoidal figure (a = 13.03 km, b = 11.40 km, c = 9.14 km), (2) Phobos has a two-layer structure and their boundary also has the similar ellipsoidal figure for which the libration amplitude is 1.15 degrees being consistent with the observed value of , and (3) water ice is confined either of the upper or lower layer and rock density is the same for both the layers. The water ice mass fraction is changed between 0 and 30% .
In the case that upper layer is composed of the rock plus water ice, when the upper layer thickness is 10% of the semi-principal axes, no more than 14 wt.% of water can be contained in the layer and the maximum dMOI is about 9%. When the layer boundary is deeper, more water can be contained, but the maximum dMOI is about 16%. In the case that the water ice is confined in the lower layer, the maximum dMOI is also about 17%.
We also tested the cases in which the porosity is responsible for the low bulk density. We calculated due to inhomogeneous distribution of the porosity using the similar two-layer structure. The results depend on the boundary depth and rock density. In the case that the lower layer is porous, the maximum dMOI is about 17% when rock density is 2400 kg/m3, and about 9% when rock density is 2100 kg/m3.
It is found that, for the layer configuration assumed here, dMOI is smaller than 16-17%. A 10% accuracy will not be sufficient, and it is required to achieve at least a few percent of MOI accuracy in order to detect it. To this end, the required accuracies for the libration amplitude and the degree 2 gravity coefficients are also a few percent.
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