Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG10] Small Solar System Bodies: General and Mars Satellite Sample Return Mission

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Kiyoshi Kuramoto(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Hokkaido University), Sei-ichiro WATANABE(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), MASATERU ISHIGURO(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Masahiko Arakawa(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Tomoko Arai(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PCG10-P09] The Instrument error on estimation of normal albedo of Ryugu using the laser altimeter on-board Hayabusa2 and the reflectance measurement of the carbonaceous chondrite at zero phase angle

*Ryuhei Yamada1, Hiroki Senshu2, Noriyuki Namiki1, Takahide Mizuno3, Shinsuke Abe4, Fumi Yoshida1, Kazuyoshi Asari1, Hirotomo Noda1, Naru Hirata5, Shoko Oshigami1, Hiroshi Araki1, Yoshiaki Ishihara3, Koji Matsumoto1 (1.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2.Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 4.Nihon University, 5.The University of Aizu)

Keywords:Asteroid albedo, Ryugu, Hayabusa2, Laser altimeter, Carbonaceous chondrite, Refelectance measurement

The Japanese asteroid explorer ‘Hayabusa2’ was launched at end of 2014 to explore the near-Earth C-type asteroid ‘Ryugu’. In this mission, we have a plan to apply the laser altimeter (LIDAR) on-board Hayabusa2 to investigate the distribution of normal albedo of Ryugu at a laser wavelength (1064 nm). The LIDAR instrument for laser ranging which has a function to measure the intensities of transmitted and received pulses. The intensities data can be used to estimate the normal albedo of Ryugu.
In this study, we evaluated the contribution of the instrument error to the normal albedo uncertainty on the estimation from the intensities data. From the evaluation, we found the error due to instrument effects was 18% at an altitude of 20 km based on the verification tests of the LIDAR flight model. The surface slope and roughness elongate the time width of the returned pulse and decrease the intensity. We will also describe how the returned pulse is deformed as a result of slope and roughness.
Currently, we prepare for reflectance measurment of the carbonaceous chondrites at observation condition of the LIDAR to obtain calibration data to interpret the normal albedo variation on Ryugu. In this experiment, we enabled measurement of the reflectance at zero phase angle and wavelength of 1064 nm using a beam splitter. Then, to compare and integrate the normal albedo estimated from the LIDAR data with the reflectance data measured by other instrument equipped on Hayabusa2 (the optical camera and near-infrared spectrometer), the phase angles can be controlled from 0 to 30 degrees on the experiment. In this presentation, we will report configuration of the reflectance measurement and preliminary results.