Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM03] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University), Chair:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University)

10:45 AM - 11:05 AM

[PEM03-06] A numerical study of the effects of migrating tides on thermosphere midnight density maximum

★Invited papers

*Jiuhou Lei1, Haibing Ruan1, Jian Du2, Wenbin Wang3 (1.USTC University of Science and Technology of China, 2.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, USA, 3.High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA)

Keywords:thermosphere, midnight density maximum, migrating tides

We employed the NCAR Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM) and the extended Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (eCMAM) to investigate the role of the migrating terdiurnal tide on the formation and variation of the thermosphere midnight temperature maximum (MTM) and midnight mass density maximum (MDM). The migrating terdiurnal tide from the eCMAM was applied at the TIEGCM’s lower boundary, along with the migrating diurnal and semidiurnal tides from the Global Scale Wave Model (GSWM). Several numerical experiments with different combinations of tidal forcing at the TIEGCM’s lower boundary were carried out to determine the contribution of each tide to MTM/MDM. We found that the interplay between diurnal, semidiurnal and terdiurnal tides determines the formation of MTM/MDM and their structure in the upper thermosphere. The decrease of thermospheric mass density after MDM reaches its maximum at ~02:00 local time is mainly controlled by the terdiurnal tide. Furthermore, we examined the generation mechanisms of the migrating terdiurnal tide in the upper thermosphere and found that they come from three sources: upward propagation from the lower thermosphere, in-situ generation via nonlinear interaction and thermal excitation.