Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM03] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University), Chair:Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University)

2:25 PM - 2:40 PM

[PEM03-13] Relationship between ionospheric and atmospheric perturbations associated with typhoons

Shinichiro Hirabayashi1, *Hiroyuki Nakata1, Toshiaki Takano1, Ichiro Tomizawa2, Hiromichi Nagao3 (1.Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, 2.Center for Space Science and Radio Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, 3.Earthquake Research Institute,The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Ionospheric perturbation, Atmospheric perturbation, Typhoon, HF Doppler, Microbarometer

It is known that ionospheric disturbances are caused by extreme weather conditions, such as tornadoes and typhoons. In this study, we have examined the relationship between ionospheric and atmospheric disturbances caused by typhoons, using HF doppler (HFD) and a microbarometer. HFD observation system used in this study is maintained by The University of Electro-Communications (UEC). The receiver is located at Sugadaira, Nagano Prefecture and the transmitters are located at Chofu Campus of UEC and Nagara, Chiba Prefecture. The microbarometer is also located at Sugadaira, Nagano Prefecture. In examining typhoons which came closer to Japan since 2004, we have found ionospheric perturbations associated with 8 typhoons. In almost events, the amplitude of the doppler shift is about several hertz, which is much less than the cases for earthquakes. By dynamic spectral analyses, it is found that spectral intensity of both of ionospheric and atmospheric perturbations at frequency from 5 mHz to 50 mHz were enhanced. These results imply that the effect of the typhoon to the ionosphere is quite smaller and that the atmospheric waves propagated to the ionosphere drive the ionospheric perturbations. In this study, as a typical example, the perturbations asssociated with Typhoon WIPHA (No.18 in 2013) at 30 mHz are examined in detail. This is because the wind direction in the transmitter (Chofu), the receiver (Sugadaira), and the middle point (Chofu) is quite stable (eastward) when Typhoon WIPHA was closest to Japan for several tens of hours. The temporal variation of the spectral intensity of ionospheric perturbation is almost the same as the wind speed at Sugadaira, where is the windward of Chofu. This result shows that the ionospheric perturbations associated with typhoons is affected by the atmospheric perturbations windwardly below the ionosphere.