Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM03] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PEM03-P03] Study of vertical / seasonal variation of gravity wave in the height range of 15-70km over Syowa Station in Antarctica using Rayleigh/Raman lidar

*Masaru Kogure1, Takuji Nakamura1,2, Mitsumu K. Ejiri1,2, Takanori Nishiyama1,2, Yoshihiro Tomikawa1,2, Masaki Tsutsumi1,2 (1.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 2.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:gravity wave, middle atmosphere, lidar

The gravity waves are generated in the lower atmosphere, propagate upward and transfer momentum and energy to the middle atmosphere. It has been found that the gravity waves induce large scale meridional circulation and drive the middle atmosphere away from radiative equilibrium [Lindzen, 1981; Holton, 1982; Matsuno, 1982]. However, we have not completely known the quantification of gravity wave roles in the middle atmospheric circulation. A Rayleigh/Raman(RR) lidar was installed in January 2011 at Syowa Station, Antarctica (69°S,40°E). The lidar has measured temperature profiles between 5 and 80 km for more than 350 nights (before the end of October in 2014).
In this study, we investigated monthly mean gravity wave potential energy (Ep) in the height range of 15-70 km from May 2011 to October 2013. Above 35km altitude, Ep was maximized during winter. The seasonal dependence of Ep over Syowa was similar to Ep observed at Davis(69°S,79°E) [Alexander et al., 2011]. Below 35 km altitude, Ep was enhanced in around May, and did not decrease in September. Almost all monthly mean profiles have constant slope above 30 km altitude. Ep increases exponentially with height (increasing rate is approximately exp(z/H); H~7 km is scale height). Furthermore, almost all Ep profiles have a local minimum around 25 km altitude and a local maximum around 20 km altitude. In October 2012, Ep is significantly different from the other Ep profiles. As a result of comparison between the Ep profiles and zonal wind in the NASA MERRA reanalysis data, the reason was probably that weak zonal wind layer in 2012 descends earlier than the other years.