Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM03] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PEM03-P12] First nadir imaging of medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances by the spectrographic imager on International Space Station

*Michi Nishioka1, Akinori Saito2, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama1, Takuya Tsugawa1, Takeshi Sakanoi3, Yusuke Akiya2, Yuichi Otsuka4, Mamoru Ishii1 (1.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 2.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 3.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 4.Nagoya University, Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research)

Keywords:nadir imaging, 630nm airglow, medium scale traveling ionospheric disturbance

Medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) at mid-latitudes are wave-like structures of the ionosphere, which has been mainly observed by ground-based instruments. It is more challenging to observe MSTIDs from the space while it can clarify spatiotemporal characteristics of MSTIDs. In this presentation, we show the first result of nadir imaging of MSTIDs by the Visible and near-Infrared Spectral Imager (VISI). VISI is one of the instruments of the ISS-IMAP (International Space Station-Ionosphere, Mesosphere, upper Atmosphere, and Plasmasphere mapping) mission, which is designed to measure three nightglow emissions; O (630nm), OH Meinel band (730 nm), and O2 atmospheric band (762 nm), with two field of views (+/-45 deg. to nadir). Using 630-nm airglow data of an ionospheric observation mode, MSTIDs structures were successfully detected on May 22, 2014. Horizontal wavelengths of the MSTIDs were 200-500km, which agreed with those observed by ground-based instruments. The peak-to-peak amplitude of MSTIDs observed by the forward (backward) field of views were about 40% (60%) of the background. The difference of the ratios indicates the geomagnetic field-aligned structure of the MSTIDs.