Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[PEM04-03] Solar Flare Prediction with Vector Magnetogram and Chromospheric Brightening using Machine-learning

*Naoto Nishizuka1, Yuki Kubo1, Komei Sugiura1, Mitsue Den1, Shinichi Watari1, Mamoru Ishii1 (1.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:Space Weather Forecast, Solar Flare, Statistical Analysis, Machine-Learning, Photospheric vector Magnetic field, Chromosphere

Solar flares have been empirically predicted based on the solar surface observations. Before large class of flares, photospheric magnetic field in the active region becomes complex and sharp magnetic neutral lines are formed. It is also known that chromospheric brightening recurrently occurs at around the neutral lines. In NICT, solar flares occurring in the next 24 hours have been predicted by scientists in the daily forecast operations, but the flare mechanism has not been well revealed and we still have a difficulty in predicting flares with high accuracy and good confidence. Currently, we can access huge amount of observation data, so we developed a system to automatically predict flares using the near real-time observation data by satellites and the machine-learning technique.
We used observation data sets taken by SDO and GOES satellites during 2010-2015: (1) line-of-sight direction magnetogram and vector magnetogram data by HMI/SDO, (2) lower chromospheric brightening data by AIA 1600 Angstrom filter/SDO, and (3) soft X-ray emission by GOES. Firstly, we automatically detect active regions using full-disk images of magnetogram every 1 hour, to predict a flare class occurring in the region in the next 24 hours. Secondly, we extract solar features for each region, i.e., the maximum magnetic field strength, the maximum gradient of magnetic field in the line-of-sight direction, the number of magnetic neutral lines, the maximum length of neutral lines, the magnetic free energy, the shear angle, the time variations of magnetic field configurations, the history of X/M-class flares, the background GOES X-ray emission, and the activity of chromospheric brightening. Thirdly, we apply the machine-learning technique to the dataset of solar features to predict flares. We divided the total data set into two for training and test. We adopted three machine-learning techniques for comparison: the support vector machine (SVM), the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and the extra random trees (ERT). As a result, we succeeded in achieving good prediction of X-class flares, as verified by the True Skill Score (TSS) larger than 0.7, which is better than human forecast operations (TSS~0.5). In this presentation, we would like to introduce our flare predictions model and to discuss flare triggering mechanism.