Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[PEM04-22] Identification of ionospheric plasma density changes due to solar flares and energetic particle precipitation using the SuperDARN radar data

*Nozomu Nishitani1, Tomoaki Hori1, Akira Sessai Yukimatu2, Tsutomu Nagatsuma3 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:SuperDARN radars, ionospheric plasma density change, solar flare / energetic particle precipitation

Watanabe and Nishitani (Adv. Polar Sci, 2013) showed that during solar flares the SuperDARN data show positive Doppler velocities in ground / sea scatter echoes, and that this velocity change can be interpreted mainly in terms of the abnormal ionization of the D-region ionosphere due to EUV / X-ray, leading to the shortening of the HF ray paths. They also showed that it is possible to identify the plasma density changes from the Doppler velocity distributions. These result suggests that it might be possible to identify the D-region plasma density changes due to energetic particle precipitation events such as substorms using the same technique.

Ionospheric convection around substorm expansion onset are characterized by reduction of sheared flow and enhancement of equatorward flows (e.g., Bristow et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2007). However, there have been no studies on the effect of D-region HF wave absorption due to particle precipitation, which could lead to positive Doppler shift, which is independent of beam number but could be positively (negatively) correlated with the range (elevation angle) Initial result of the quantitative estimation of Doppler velocities associated with particle precipitation will be presented.