Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[PEM04-25] Ionospheric data assimilation with TIE-GCM and GPS-TEC during geomagnetic storm period

*Chia-Hung Chen1, Charles Lin1, Tomoko Matsuo3,4, Wei-han Chen1, I. T. Lee2, Jann-Yenq Liu5,6, Jia-Ting Lin1 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, 2.Central Weather Bureau, Taipei, Taiwan, 3.Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA, 4.Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado, USA, 5.Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, 6.Center for Space and Remote Sensing Research, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan)

Keywords:Ionospheric data assimilation, geomagnetic storm

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the latency time for the ionosphere data assimilation during the geomagnetic storm. An Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) module developed by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), called as Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART), is applied to assimilate the ionospheric electron density into a theoretical model (Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model, TIE-GCM) with ground-based GPS total electron content (TEC) observations during the 26 September 2011 geomagnetic storm period. Effects of various assimilation time intervals, 60-, 30-, and 10-minute, on the ionospheric forecast responses are examined by their global root-mean-square errors (RMSEs) during the entire storm period. Substantial reduction of RMSEs for 10 minutes assimilation cycle suggests the ionospheric data assimilation system greatly improve the capability of model forecast during the geomagnetic storm period. Further examination shows that the neutral state variables in the assimilation model are the important factor to change the trajectory of model forecasting. However, the assimilation model with neutral state variables still needs the shorter assimilation cycle (10-minute in this study) to restrain overfitting of neutrals and lead to higher forecast accuracy during the geomagnetic storm.