Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (2F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[PEM04-29] Cross-field superslow propagation by phase-mixing of Alfven/slow mode waves in solar corona

*Takafumi Kaneko1, Marcel Goossens2, Roberto Soler3, Jaume Terradas3, Tom Van Doorsselaere2, Takaaki Yokoyama1, Andrew Nicholas Wright4 (1.Graduate School of Science,The University of Tokyo,Department of Earth and Planetary Science, 2.Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3.Departament de Física, Universitat de les Illes Balears, 4.School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews)

Keywords:Solar corona, Solar prominence/filament, MHD wavess

We discuss the apparent cross-field propagation by phase mixing of continuum Alfven waves or continuum slow mode waves in the solar coronal magnetic structures.
Recent observations and numerical simulations for coronal waves have found waves propagating across magnetic field lines at rather slow speed. Although only fast mode waves can propagate across magnetic field lines, the observed propagation speed is much slower than the typical fast mode speed. Hence it has been difficult to understand the nature of this cross-field ‘superslow’ propagation. We show that the phase-mixing of continuum Alfven or slow mode waves can explain this phenomenon. Phase-mixing of continuum Alfven or slow mode waves produces phase velocities perpendicular to magnetic field that decrease with time. Hence phase mixing can produce a cross-field superslow propagation after a sufficient lapse of time. We show that the analytical solutions of apparent wavelength and phase speed of phase-mixing quantitatively explain the superslow waves in the results of numerical simulation. We also show the existence of superslow waves in coronal potential arcades and discuss the applicability of our results to coronal seismology.