Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (2F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[PEM04-32] A humid climate of the last stage of the Little Ice Age in central Japan reconstructed using oxygen isotopes from tree-ring

*Wataru Sakashita1, Hiroko Miyahara2, Yusuke Yokoyama1, Takeshi Nakatsuka3, Takahiro AZE1, Yasuharu Hoshino4, Motonari Ohyama5, Hitoshi Yonenobu6, Keiji Takemura7 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University, 3.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 4.National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Nara, 5.The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Botanical Gardens, Tohoku University, 6.Graduate School of Education, Naruto University of Education, 7.Beppu Geothermal Researh Laboratory, Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Little Ice Age, Monsoon, tree-ring, oxygen isotopes

The Asian monsoon is an important part of the Earth’s climate system that is characterized by variations in the strength and expansion of the summer rain band. Rainfall reconstructions in China have revealed changing patterns of rainfall during the Little Ice Age (LIA), but few hydroclimate reconstructions around Japan have hindered the understanding of physical processes associated with the atmospheric system in the western North Pacific. Here, we report on rainfall variations in the Meiyu/Baiu season from AD 1600–1959 by using tree-ring cellulose oxygen isotopes from central Japan; this is the longest record in the eastern most regions under the monsoon’s influence. Data suggest that the wettest period occurred around AD 1790–1860, the final stage of the LIA. This shift was concurrent with sea surface temperature anomalies around the Philippines and off eastern Japan. Thus, meridional atmospheric circulation was likely weak during the last stage of the LIA.