Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Mon. May 23, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (2F)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Chair:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[PEM04-33] Relationship between typhoon occurrence and solar activity

*Yukihiro Takahashi1, Mitsuteru Sato1, Kozo Yamashita2 (1.Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Salesian Polytechnic)

Keywords:typhoon, solar activity, 27-day, thunderstorm, WPWP

It has been pointed out that atmospheric activity has ~27-day periodicity, which implies the connections between solar activity and the earth’s climate since the rotation period of the sun near its equator is 27 days. We have showed a close relationship between globally synchronized thunderstorm/cloud activities in the tropical latitudinal range and solar parameter with ~one-month periodicity for a certain half year, using lightning data, a proxy of thunderstorm activity, obtained by the global radio wave network and a proxy of cloud amount, Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR). It was reported that the thunderstorm activity in Asia Maritime Continent (AMC) shows a seesaw correlation with the cloud in Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP), which show strong correlation with intensity of cosmic ray without time lag. It was revealed that this cloud increases in WPWP correspond to typhoon occurrences. Here we found a strong similarity and synchronization between the variation of lightning activity in AMC and that of the averaged OLR in broad longitudinal range in equatorial region (280E - 110E, 10S - 10N), where very limited numbers of typhoons take place. Moreover, all these parameters apparently show a clear correlation with solar parameters, such as galactic cosmic rays or F10.7 for the one-month periodicity. This fact suggests further and extensive studies, involving scientists in broader research fields, are needed to understand the global climate.