5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[PEM04-P12] Relationship between solar wind dynamic pressure and amplitude of geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC)
Keywords:geomagnetic sudden commencement(SC), solar wind dynamic pressure , , ionospheric current, field aligned current, LT variation, Siscoe’s relationship
By considering the physical background of SC we studied which local time is best to extract the information of the solar wind dynamic pressure and concluded that the SC amplitude at 4-5h local time of middle- and low-latitude stations most directly reflects the dynamic pressure effect.
This result is used to re-check the order of magnitude of the largest 3 SCs ( dH > 200 nT at Kakioka) observed since 1868 (Araki, 2015). The SC occurred on March 24, 1940 still keeps the first rank even if
the LT variation is taken into account.