Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM04] Space Weather, Space Climate, and VarSITI

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti Pulkkinen(NASA GSFC), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Toshifumi Shimizu(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA), Ayumi Asai(Unit for Synergetic Studies of Space, Kyoto University), Hidekatsu Jin(National Institude of Information and Communications Technology), Tatsuhiko Sato(Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Hiroko Miyahara(College of Art and Design, Musashino Art University), Kiminori Itoh(Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takuji Nakamura(National Institute of Polar Research), Shigeo Yoden(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Kiyoshi Ichimoto(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University), Mamoru Ishii(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PEM04-P20] Monitoring global ionospheric structures using a near real-time Global Ionospheric Map

*Yang-Yi Sun1, Jann-Yenq Liu1, Ho-Fang Tsai2 (1.Graduate Institute of Space Science, National Central University, 2.Department of Earth Science, National Cheng Kung University)

Keywords:Ionospheric weather, Global ionospheric map, FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC, GPS TEC

To efficiently monitor the fast changing ionospheric weather events, such as magnetic storms, solar flares, solar eclipses, earthquake precursors, etc., a near real-time (4-hour delay) Taiwan Global Ionospheric Map (TGIM) is constructed from global vertical total electron content (TEC) observations using a spherical harmonics expansion. The TEC is measured by about 120 ground-based GPS stations and FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC. The high correlation (correlation coefficients > 0.95) of the TGIM and the CODE and JPL GIMs suggests that the TGIM show global scale ionospheric structures as well as the other two GIMs. The high temporal resolution of the TGIM (5 to 15 minutes) reveals that it is capable of showing the variation in ionospheric density structures in more detail. Here we also examine a severe geomagnetic storm, which is the largest during the weak solar cycle 24, occurred on 17 March 2015 at 0445 UT, using the GIMs. The results show the positive storm is pronounced at mid- and low-latitudes in the first day after the storm onset. The negative storm remains present in the equatorial ionization anomaly crest regions more than one week. The sudden change in TEC at middle and low latitudes during the main phase period maybe associated with the equatorward disturbance wind and the prompt penetration electric field.