Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM06] Magnetospheric Multi-Scale (MMS) mission -- A new age of magnetospheric physics

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Seiji Zenitani(National Astronomical Observatory of Japan), Naritoshi Kitamura(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshifumi Saito(Solar System Science Division, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Paul Cassak(West Virginia University), Li-Jen Chen(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Craig Pollock(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Chair:Craig James Pollock, Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[PEM06-11] Structure of the magnetopause observed by MMS and its effects on the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability

*Kanako Seki1, Yosuke Matsumoto2, Naritoshi Kitamura3, Yoshifumi Saito3, Shoichiro Yokota3, Masahiro Hoshino1, Craig J. Pollock4,5, Barbara L. Giles5, Thomas E. Moore5, Roy B. Torbert6, Christopher T. Russell7, James L. Burch8 (1.Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 3.ISAS, JAXA, 4.Denali Scientific, 5.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 6.University of New Hampshire, 7.University of California, Los Angeles, 8.Southwest Research Institute)

Keywords:magnetopause, boundary layer, Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability, plasma mixing, density gradient, MMS

How to cause plasma mixing across different plasma regimes has been one of the fundamental problems in the collisionless plasma physics. At a plasma boundary where different plasma regimes are in contact, there often exists a velocity shear and a density gradient. The Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI) has been studied as a promising mechanism to cause the plasma mixing. Although the importance of the density gradient in the plasma transport acress the Earth’s magnetopause has previously been pointed out, the detailed structure of the boundary remains unknown due to lack of high-cadence observations across the magnetopause. Based on high time-resolution observations of ions and electrons as well as simultaneous magnetic field by MMS, we investigated the relations between the density gradient and velocity shear at the magnetopause. Based on the observed structure, we implemented a new initial condition for KHI simulations, and effects of the boundary structure on KHI excitation and subsequent plasma mixing is discussed.