Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Satonori Nozawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environment Research), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyuki Hashiguchi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PEM09-P01] Development of MU radar real-time processing system with adaptive clutter rejection

*Hiroyuki Hashiguchi1, Takahiro Manjou1, Mamoru Yamamoto1, Toru Sato2, Koji Nishimura3, Taishi Hashimoto2 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 2.Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, 3.National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR))

Keywords:Atmospheric radar, Clutter rejection, NC-DCMP method, MU radar

Strong clutter echoes from a hard target such as a mountain or building sometimes cause problems of observations with atmospheric radars. In order to reject or suppress clutter echoes, it is effective to use NC-DCMP (Norm Constrained-Directionally Constrained Minimum Power) method, which makes null toward the direction of the clutter, if we can receive signals independently from plural antennas [Nishimura et al., JTech., 2012]. It has been demonstrated that the NC-DCMP method is effective to real observation data with the MU (Middle and Upper atmosphere) radar, but it was processed in off-line. The objective of this study is to implement the clutter rejection by NC-DCMP method into the on-line processing system of the MU radar. NC-DCMP method suppresses clutter echoes with maintaining the shape of main lobe to add pseudo-noise.
The MU radar is operated in a troposphere-stratosphere standard observation mode for about 100 hours every month. First we implemented the NC-DCMP processing to this standard observation mode. Observation data in this mode is obtained once every 8 seconds. Therefore it is necessary to perform all of the signal processing within 8 seconds in order to perform the clutter suppression in real-time. Now we can process the NC-DCMP in 1 second in average. Since the echoes from mountains and buildings do not change so quickly, it showed good results to determine the optimum weight vector using the received signal of the incoherent integration 7 times (about one minute). We have applied the NC-DCMP realtime processing since November 2015. Although it is it not perfect for the echoes from the aircraft, the effect of suppressing is obtained.
We can apply the achievement of this study to the Equatorial MU radar (EMU), which is proposed to be constructed at West Sumatera, Indonesia. The EMU system is the similar as the MU radar, but its antenna consists of 1045 Yagi antennas with 55 groups.