Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Satonori Nozawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environment Research), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyuki Hashiguchi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PEM09-P13] Study on pulsating aurora-induced sodium density variation: high-speed sodium lidar observation

*Toru Takahashi1, Takuo T. Tsuda2, Keisuke Hosokawa2, Satonori Nozawa3, Yasunobu Ogawa4, Takuya Kawahara5, Norihito Saito6, Satoshi Wada6, Tetsuya Kawabata3, Chris Hall7 (1.Center for Space Science and Radio Engineering, The University of Electro-communications, 2.Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, University of Electro-Communications, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environment Research, 4.National Institute of Polar Research, 5.Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 6.RIKEN, 7.The Arctic University of Norway)

Keywords:sodium lidar, pulsating aurora

We have been made observations of the sodium density, neutral temperature and wind velocity in the polar MLT region since October 2010 by a sodium lidar installed at Tromsø, Norway. By using the sodium lidar together with EISCAT radars, MF radar, meteor radar, FPI, and aurora imagers, we have studied and reported several results, such as the upward propagating gravity wave, the comparison of the neutral temperature and ion temperature, and the generation mechanism of the sporadic sodium layer, whose time scale are a few minutes to several hours.
Energetic electrons, which can be the source for the pulsating aurora, release their energy by collision with neural particles below 100 km. The periods of the pulsating aurora are seconds to sub-seconds. This implies that the neutral atmosphere may change in the similar time scales in terms of composition, temperature, and wind velocity by the energy input from the energetic particles. To date, however, there are no observations of the neutral atmosphere in these time scale at polar region as far as we knows. Thus, the high-speed observation would be essentially important for understanding in the neutral atmospheric response during the pulsating aurora.
In this study, we have been made an upgrade in the data recording and laser control system for the Tromsø sodium lidar system. We have installed the new recording system in January 2016, and already started test observations. Currently, we are successful to make the sodium density observation with time resolution of seconds to sub-seconds. In this presentation, we will introduce the high-time resolution data in the sodium density obtained from January to March 2016.