11:45 AM - 12:00 PM
[PEM16-05] Generating mechanism of Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbance using a GPS network in Alaska
Keywords:ionosphere, traveling ionospheric disturbance, GPS
At first, we consider the generation mechanisms of MSTIDs from a standpoint of electrodynamics. We find that vertical component of plasma motion is restricted and amplitude of TEC perturbation by E×B drift is small because magnetic field line is close to vertical at high-latitudes. We discuss the theory that polarization electric fields in sporadic E layer play an important role in generating that MSTID through E- and F-region coupling process. According to this theory, MSTID occurs simultaneously at conjugate points in the northern and southern hemisphere connected by geomagnetic field lines. However, the observational results show that local time dependence of MSTID in Alaska and New Zealand is different. Therefore, we conclude that MSTID observed dusk in winter in Alaska could not be generated by electrodynamics.
Secondly, we research whether the dusk MSTID is generated by atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs) or not. Previous studies suggest that MSTIDs could be caused by AGWs excited by auroral activities. In this study, we have investigated various indicators which could represent auroral activity, such as ROTI (Rate of TEC change Index), AE index and Kp index. We have found that there is no clear correlation between occurrence rate of MSTID and these indices.
To determine the location of the AGW sources, we apply the backward ray tracing method of AGWs. Results of a backward ray tracing analysis show that the AGWs can reach ionosphere from an altitude of 10 km in 24 of 34 events. In a few cases, AGWs traced backward from the ionosphere reach a critical level at an altitude of the stratosphere. This result indicates a possibility that AGWs excited by polar vortex in the stratosphere propagate to the ionosphere and generate the MSTIDs. We need further studies about source region of AGWs to reveal generation mechanisms of MSTIDs at high-latitudes.