4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[PEM17-12] Impact of diffusion processes on magnetic reconnection
Keywords:Magnetic reconnection, MHD simulation, Diffusion
The role of resistive dissipation on the reconnection has been extensively investigated in the framework of MHD. Recent theoretical and numerical studies have proposed a dynamic model dominated by plasmoids for sufficiently small resistivity beyond a classical static model. The resulting reconnection rate seems to be independent of the resistivity that may account for actual phenomena, although it does not necessarily settle the difference from the kinetic model. Meanwhile, the impact of other dissipation processes should be discussed. This study especially focuses on viscosity and heat transfer.
Viscosity controls the dissipation scale of vortex. Resistive MHD assumes it to be zero, meaning that the vortex dissipation scale is negligible small compared with the current dissipation scale. However, the ratio of the scale of vortex to current can be much larger than unity in actual environments, and it affects the dynamics. Finite heat transfer is frequently observed in association with the reconnection. It can also affect the dynamics through increasing compressibility.
In order to investigate the effect of viscosity and heat transfer on the nonlinear evolution of the reconnection, we conduct two-dimensional fully-compressible visco-resistive MHD simulations coupled with thermal conduction. We discuss that viscosity and thermal conduction considerably modify the dynamics from a resistive model. Large viscosity excites a broad vortex that enables the efficient transfer of upstream magnetic field to the reconnection region. The resulting reconnection rate increases with viscosity provided that thermal conduction is fast enough to take away the viscous heating energy. This is indicative of the importance of viscosity and heat transfer to model the reconnection against the conventional resistive MHD. We also investigate the dependence on resistivity to determine key parameters (specifically, Reynolds numbers and Prandtl numbers) governing the visco-resistive reconnection coupled with thermal conduction. Comparison with the kinetic model will be discussed.