Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM17] Space Plasma Physics: Theory and Simulation

Wed. May 25, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Takayuki Umeda(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takanobu Amano(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama), Tadas Nakamura(Fukui Prefectural University), Tooru Sugiyama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Center for Earth Information Science and Technology), Chair:Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[PEM17-13] Enhancement of kinetic scale electrostatic fluctuations in decaying whistler turbulence: Particle-In-Cell simulations

*Shinji Saito1, Yasuhiro Nariyuki3, Takayuki Umeda2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 3.Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama)

Keywords:plasma turbulence, whistler wave, Particle-In-Cell simulation

Solar wind observations show that larger cascade rates of turbulence lead to steeper power-law magnetic spectra at kinetic scales. This suggests that larger fluctuation amplitudes at kinetic scales lead to some nonlinear properties more efficiently. Our previous research showed that the modified two stream instability in a monochromatic finite amplitude whistler wave contributes the nonlinear dissipation of the wave at kinetic scales. This result suggests that kinetic instabilities can enhance the dissipation at electron and ion scales. The wave driven instability occurs with larger wave amplitudes more efficiently, so this process could be a contributor for the steep power-law spectrum at kinetic scales. Here two-dimensional electromagnetic particle-in-cell simulations in magnetized, homogeneous, collisionless electron-ion plasma demonstrate the forward cascade of whistler turbulence at ion scales. The simulation show that whistler turbulence cascades into electron scales, and show a spectrum break around the scale of the electron inertial length. Around the scale related to the break point, electrostatic fluctuations appear at several points intermittently. The electrostatic fluctuations are expected to be driven by ion acoustic instability driven by localized electric current in whistler turbulence. We will discuss the instability driven dissipation of whistler turbulence at kinetic scales and heating of both electrons and ions.