Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM19] Heliosphere and Interplanetary Space

Wed. May 25, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Ken Tsubouchi(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masaki N Nishino(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama), Chair:Fumiko Otsuka(Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences Kyushu University)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[PEM19-07] Spherical Harmonic Expansion of Solar Wind Speed

*Kazuyuki Hakamada1, Munetoshi Tokumaru2, Ken'ichi Fujiki2 (1.Department of Natural Science and Mathematics, Chubu University, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Solar Wind Speed, Source Surface, Spherical Harmonic Function

The Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University has observed solar wind speed (SWS) by the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) method. Drs. Tokumaru and Fujiki have been constructing synoptic charts of SWS by the technique of Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT). SWS synoptic charts show the distribution of solar wind speed on the spherical surface sorrounding the sun named "source surface"; the ordinate shows solar latitude and the abscissa shows Carrington longitude in the chart. We can get one synoptic chart during every one solar rotation called Carrington rotation. The spatial resolution of this chart is one degree for both in longitude and in latitude. We frequently found wide region of data gap in the chart, especially in high latitudes. In this paper, in the first, (1) we try to expand the SWS on the synoptic chart into spherical harmonic series (N=0--90, M = 0--N) and to calculate about (90 x 90) coefficients (Anm and Bnm) of expansion series. And next, (2) we try to estimate continuously the SWS in both the direction of longitude and the one of latitude in the synoptic chart. It is found that this technique can estimate well the SWS, especially in low latitudes of chart.