Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS01] Outer Solar System Exploration Today, and Tomorrow

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:05 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Jun Kimura(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masaki Fujimoto(Institite of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yasumasa Kasaba(Dep. Geophysics Graduate School of Science Tohoku University), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University), Takayuki Tanigawa(School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health), Yasuhito Sekine(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Kunio Sayanagi(Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences Department, Hampton University), Steven Vance(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech), Chair:Hiroaki Misawa(Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Kazuo Yoshioka(Department of Earth & Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

2:35 PM - 2:50 PM

[PPS01-15] Io's volcanic influence on the Jovian magnetosphere: HISAKI observation

*Fuminori Tsuchiya1, Kazuo Yoshioka2, Tomoki Kimura3, Go Murakami4, Mizuki Yoneda5, Ryoichi Koga1, Masato Kagitani1, Hiromasa Nozawa6, Chihiro Tao7, Hiroaki Misawa1, Takeshi Sakanoi1, Yasumasa Kasaba8, Atsushi Yamazaki4, Ichiro Yoshikawa9 (1.Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Tohoku University, 2.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.RIKEN, 4.ISAS/JAXA, 5.Kiepenheuer Institute for Solar physics, 6.Kagoshima National College of Technology, 7.NICT, 8.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 9.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

The satellite Io which has many active volcanos supplies volcanic gases to the Jovian magnetosphere with a typical rate of 1 ton/sec and has is a primary source of plasmas in the magnetosphere. Change in the volcanic activity would cause change in plasma supply rate to the magnetosphere and could affect structure of the magnetosphere and dynamics occurring in it. However, responses of the magnetosphere to the plasma supply rate change is still not fully understood. The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectroscope, EXCEED, onboard the HISAKI satellite made observations of Io plasma torus and Jovian northern aurora from the end of Nov. 2014 to middle of May 2015 continuously. On middle of Jan. 2015, HISAKI detected gradual increase in intensity of S+ emission lines and decrease of S3+ ones in the plasma torus. The S+ intensity showed a maximum around the end of Feb. and S2+ and S3+ intensities also showed maxima subsequently. Simultaneous ground based observation of the sodium nebula showed increase of the emission intensity from the middle of Jan. to Feb. These observations suggest that the volcanic activity enhancement started at the middle of Jan. and increase neutral atom and ion densities in the Io torus. Change in radial structure of the plasma torus was also detected. The intensity of S+ ion began to increase around the orbit of Io (6 Jovian radii). The brightened region propagated outward and reached at 8.5 Jovian radii from Jupiter at the beginning of Feb. Further one month later, HISAKI found unusual activity of Jovian EUV aurora intensity. It began at the beginning of Mar. and continued for 1 month. The enhancement of the aurora activity may be caused by the enhanced loading of heavy ion plasma into the middle magnetosphere.