Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS01] Outer Solar System Exploration Today, and Tomorrow

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Jun Kimura(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Masaki Fujimoto(Institite of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yasumasa Kasaba(Dep. Geophysics Graduate School of Science Tohoku University), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University), Takayuki Tanigawa(School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health), Yasuhito Sekine(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Kunio Sayanagi(Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences Department, Hampton University), Steven Vance(Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PPS01-P06] Responses of Io Plasma Torus to middle magnetosphere of Jupiter

*Fumiharu Suzuki1, Kazuo Yoshioka1, Go Murakami2, Fuminori Tsuchiya3, Tomoki Kimura4, Ichiro Yoshikawa1 (1.The University of Tokyo, 2.JAXA, 3.Tohoku University, 4.RIKEN)

Keywords:Jupiter, magnetosphere, aurora, Io plasma torus

The satellite of Jupiter, Io, is volcanically active and ejects ionized gas such as sulfur and oxygen into space. This gas forms a torus encircling Jupiter along the orbit of Io, and called Io Plasma Torus (IPT). Jupiter has by far the most energetic and brightest aurorae in the solar system. During the Cassini spacecraft’s flyby of Jupiter (October, 2000-March, 2001), the UV spectrometer witnessed a puzzling phenomenon. Both of IPT and Jupiter’s aurorae were sometimes brightened almost simultaneously. The torus emissions reflect the state of the inner magnetosphere while the aurora emissions are an index of activity in the middle magnetosphere. This fact might suggest an energy transport process from the middle to inner magnetosphere, but it has not been understood yet. The dataset of Cassini was insufficient to reveal the process due to its low-temporal resolution. The HISAKI/EXCEED was launched in September 2013 by the Epsilon rocket. Now it is orbiting around the Earth. EXCEED is a space telescope dedicated for planets and has an advantage of long-term and continuous monitoring of the aurorae and IPT at the same time. We find that electron temperature in IPT increases 11 hours after the transient aurora brightening events. It suggests inward flow of hot electrons from the middle magnetosphere to IPT. On middle of January 2015, EXCEED observed gradual increase in EUV brightness of IPT. This observation suggests enhancement of Io’s volcanic activity. Characteristics of the transient IPT brightening events also changed during the volcanic event. In this presentation, we will show the energy transport process in the Jovian magnetosphere by analyzing of the EXCEED observation.