Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS02] Mars

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Masaki Ishiwatari(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate school of Science, Hokkaido University), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University), Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Ayako Matsuoka(Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hideaki Miyamoto(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo), Sushil Atreya(University of Michigan Ann Arbor)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PPS02-P04] Fluorescence Life-Time (FLiT) instrument for space missions

*Takehiko Satoh1, Akihiko Yamagishi2, Atsuo Miyakawa2, Sasaki Satoshi3, Hikaru Yabuta4, Yoko Kebukawa5, Kensei Kobayashi5 (1.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 3.Tokyo University of Technology, 4.Osaka University, 5.Yokohama National University)

Keywords:Fluorescence life-time, Martian life, Life-detection microscope

While we detail the design of the Life-Detection Microscope (LDM), a high spatial resolution fluorescence microscope, alternative ways of detecting extraterrestrial life have been under consideration. One of such is the "fluorescence lief-time (FLT)" measurement. FLT has been widely used in biophysical studies of proteins as FLT by its nature is one of the most robust fluorescence parameters. To examine the possibility of applying the FLT measurement to the space missions, we have developed a Bread Board Model (BBM), called FLiT. The method we use is the "time-domain" method in which the sample is illuminated with a short pulse laser and the decay time of the fluorescence is measured.
The pulse laser of FLiT is a 488-nm laser diode (Nichia NDS4116) to which pulses of 1-ns full width at half maximum is fed by the driver electronics. One pulse may excite just one fluorophore and the photon from it will be detected by an avalanche photo diode (APD) in the photon-counting mode (MPPC C13001-01 from Hamamatsu Photonics). The time delay from the start trigger (1-ns pulse) to the stop trigger (photon detection in MPPC) is measured by the time-to-digital converter (TDC7200 from TI). Such measurement will be repeated and a histogram of delays is obtained from which the fluorescence life-time of the sample material is inferred. This potentially allows us to distinguish organisms from minerals in the Martian soil. The FLiT BBM is now under the characterization phase, to evaluate possible delays in the electronics (including cables) and their stability. Details of the FLiT BBM as well as results of initial tests will be presented.