Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS12] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Akira Yamaguchi(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Wataru Fujiya(Ibaraki University, College of Science), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PPS12-P03] Oxygen and carbon isotopic ratios of calcite in the Nogoya CM chondrite

*Wataru Fujiya1, Kohei Fukuda2, Mizuho Koike3, Akizumi Ishida3, Yuji Sano3 (1.Ibaraki University, 2.University of Tokyo, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:calcite, oxygen-isotope, carbon-isotope, CM chondrite

CM chondrites exhibit evidence for aqueous alteration to variable degrees. Carbonate is a secondary mineral of aqueous alteration. Detailed petrological and mineralogical observations along with O-isotope measurements have been carried out by previous studies. These studies have suggested that carbonates in CM chondrites did not form in a single event but formed intermittently (Tyra et al., 2012; Lee et al., 2013). In this study, we conducted in-situ O- and C-isotope measurements on calcite grains in the Nogoya CM 2.2-2.3 chondrite. Isotope measurement on carbonates in multiple “generations” could shed light on the evolution of O and C isotopic compositions during aqueous alteration.
We found many calcite grains by SEM observation. As reported in the previous studies (e.g., Lee et al., 2014), two types of calcite grains with distinct mineralogical characteristics were found. Following the definition by Lee et al. (2014), we describe these calcite grains as type 1 and 2 grains. Most type 1 grains are single crystals and have serpentine/tochilinite rims. On the other hand, type 2 grains are polycrystalline and microporous, and do not have rims.
Oxygen isotopic compositions are highly different between type 1 and 2 grains, but similar within each type (d18O = 34.7 ‰ (type 1) and 19.3 ‰ (type 2) on average). The average D17O values are -2.5 ‰ (type 1) and -5.4 ‰ (type 2). The d18O and D17O values indicate that type 2 calcite formed later than type 1 calcite, because progressive alteration led to O-isotope exchange between water and anhydrous silicate with lower d18O and D17O values than water. Carbon isotopic ratios of type 1 grains are similar (d13C = 31.8 ‰ on average), whereas type 2 grains have variable d13C values ranging from 28.8 to 61.2 ‰. These observations indicate an increase in d13C values in later stages of aqueous alteration.
It has been suggested that the Rayleigh-type isotopic fractionation driven by the escape of 13C-poor CH4 could have led to 13C enrichments of the dissolved inorganic C (Guo and Eiler, 2007). The observed d13C increase of ~30 ‰ can be explained if ~28 % of the dissolved C was reduced to produce CH4 and was lost at 28 oC. If true, aqueous alteration in CM chondrites would have occurred in an open system at least in later stages.