Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS12] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Akira Yamaguchi(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yoko Kebukawa(Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University), Wataru Fujiya(Ibaraki University, College of Science), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[PPS12-P15] Petrology and mineralogy of Northwest Africa 7397 lherzolitic shergottite

*Masashi Yoshida1, Masaaki Miyahara1, Takeshi Sakai2, Hiroaki Ohfuji2, Akira Yamaguchi3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 2.GRC, Ehime University, 3.NIPR)

Keywords:lherzolitic shergottite, shock metamorphism, High-pressure polymorph

Martian meteorites are important samples in order to understand geologic process on Mars. Shergottite, which is the largest group among Martian meteorites, is divided into three groups based on their petrologic and mineralogical features; i.e., basaltic shergottite, olivine-phyric shergottite, and lherzolitic shergottite. The petrologic and mineralogical features of lherzolitic shergottites are similar each other. In addition, their crystallization and exposure ages are also identical each other. Accordingly, it is widely accepted that lherzolitic shergottites share the same original source on Mars, and were probably ejected by the same impact event, and finally fell on the Earth as separate falls [1]. The major object of this study is to describing the detail petrographic and mineralogical characteristics of a newly found lherzolitic shergottite, Northwest Africa 7397 (NWA 7397).
A polished thin section of NWA 7397 was prepared for this study. A field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) was employed for detailed textual observations. The chemical compositions of individual minerals were determined with an electron probe micro-analyzer (EPMA). Phase identification of the minerals was conducted using a laser micro-Raman spectrometer.
Our FE-SEM observations and EPMA analyses reveal that the petrologic and mineralogical features of NWA 7397 are similar with other lherzolitic shergottites. NWA 7397 shows two areas with poikilitic and non-poikilitic. In the poikilitic area, coarse-grained pyroxene oikocrysts enclose olivine (< ~500 µm) and chromite (< ~150 µm) grains. In the non-poikilitic area, the major constituents are olivine, pyroxene, and plagioclase (now maskelynite), with minor chromite, ilmenite, alkali feldspar, Ca-phosphate, and Fe-sulfide. Pyroxenes in the poikilitic area are chemically zoned from core (En71Fs25Wo4) to rim (En65Fs25Wo10). Most pyroxenes in the non-poikilitic basaltic area are pigeonite with small amount of augite. Olivine in the non-poikilitic area (Fa38-40) is more Fe-rich than that in the poikilitic area (Fa29-37). NWA 7397 may have originally been located at a shallower level within the lherzolitic shergottite igneous block because Fe contents in the olivine are higher than those in other lherzolitic shergottites. Several melt-pockets were observed in the non-poikilitic area. The existences of maskelynite and melt-pockets are obvious evidences for an impact event occurred on Mars. Some plagioclase entrained in the melt-pockets dissociate into CAS + stishovite. This is the first report of CAS and stishovite from lherzolitic shergottites. Based on the phase diagram of basaltic composition [2], the pressure and temperature conditions recorded in the melt-pocket are estimated to be ~25 GPa and 2300-2500 °C. Olivine around the melt-pockets probably dissociated into bridgmanite + magnesiowüstite. The bridgmanite would have back-transformed to glass due to residual heat during adiabatic decompression.

[1] Mikouchi T. and Kurihara T. 2008. Mineralogy and petrology of paired lherzolitic shergottites Yamato 000027, Yamato 000047, and Yamato 000097: Another fragment from a Martian ‘‘lherzolite’’ block, Polar Science 2:175–194
[2] Beck P., Gillet P., Gautron L., Daniel I., and El Goresy A. 2004. A new natural high-pressure (Na,Ca)-hexaluminosilicate [(CaxNa1-x)Al3+xSi3-xO11] in shocked Martian meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 219:1–12.