Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS13] Lunar science and exploration

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Hiroshi Nagaoka(Waseda Univ.), Tomokatsu Morota(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Chikatoshi Honda(The University of Aizu), Masaki N Nishino(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chair:Masaki N Nishino(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[PPS13-08] Time variation of radon gas emanation on the lunar surface observed by Kaguya/ARD

*Koichi Kojima1, Katsuyuki Kinoshita1, Masayuki Itoh1, Takeshi Takashima2, Takefumi Mitani2, Kenji Yoshida3, Shoji Okuno4, Jun Nishimura2 (1.Kobe University, 2.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science / JAXA, 3.Shibaura Institute of Technology, 4.Kanagawa University)

Keywords:Moon, radon, alpha-particle, Kaguya, ARD

We analyzed the data obtained by the Alpha-Ray Detector (ARD) onboard the lunar orbiter Kaguya and detected intensity increases of alpha-particles from 222Rn on the lunar surface. Although the time variation of the radon alpha-particle intensity was implied by the observations of Apollo 15, 16, and the Lunar Prospector, we observed the variation directly for the first time. We divided the entire observation period of January to June 2008 into the time periods of 2 weeks which approximately corresponds to the time necessary for Kaguya/ARD to observe the entire lunar surface. Then, we evaluated the 222Rn alpha-particle intensity using the sliding-window algorithm for each period and detected at least 7 events of statistically significant signal higher than 4s. In all cases, duration of the alpha-particle intensity increase was less than 2 weeks. The result implies that the observed radon gas emanation is a sporadic event caused by opening of some path to the lunar surface after subsurface accumulation of gas. We examined the timing of the events relative to the passage of the terminator and found that 5 out of 7 events were within 5 days around the terminator passage. Thus, at least some of the gas emission events are possibly triggered by the stress due to the temperature gradient in the lunar crust.