9:35 AM - 9:50 AM
[PPS14-03] Thermal desorption of molecules from grain surface by accretion shocks: the effect of distribution of desorption energy
Keywords:Accretion shock, Icy grain, Shock heating, Adsorbed molecules, Sublimation
The numerical models assumed that the desorption energy of a certain molecular species is a single (average) value. However, temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) experiments indicated that the desorption energy is not well represented by a single value because of the heterogeneity of the host grain surfaces [e.g., 6]. If the desorption energy has a deviation from its average value, the sublimation from adsorption sites having smaller desorption energies may occur even by weaker shock heating. In this study, we revisit the desorption fraction when the distribution of the desorption energy is taken into consideration.
Let f(Ed) be the distribution of the desorption energy, Ed, of a certain species. The fraction of molecules that have the desorption energies in a range from Ed to Ed + dEd is given by f(Ed)dEd. The desorption fraction <Pd> is calculated by integrating a product of Pd(Ed) and f(Ed) over Ed, where Pd(Ed) is the desorption probability of molecules as a function of Ed. In order to obtain Pd(Ed), we numerically calculate the thermal history of host grains based on the one-dimensional plane-parallel shock-wave heating model [e.g., 7]. In addition, we assume that f(Ed) is the normal (Gaussian) distribution with the mean Ed0 and the standard deviation ΔEd. We investigate the dependence of on ΔEd for various shock conditions.
Let us introduce the numerical results of when molecules adsorbed on 0.1 micron-sized host grains with Ed0 = 2000 K meat the accretion shock with the pre-shock gas number density of 108 cm-3 and the shock velocity of 1 km/s. When the desorption energy has no deviation (ΔEd = 0 K), we obtain <Pd> = 1.7x10-9. <Pd> increases with the increase of ΔEd: = 1.7x10-8, 1.7x10-5, and 1.5x10-2 for ΔEd = 100, 200, and 400 K, respectively. The deviation of the desorption energy increases the desorption fraction of molecules by orders of magnitudes. This result suggests that molecules adsorbed on the host grains in molecular clouds can desorb more easily than that expected before.
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