Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS14] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Wed. May 25, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:25 AM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Takafumi Ootsubo(Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo), Chair:Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University)

10:10 AM - 10:25 AM

[PPS14-05] How to measure snowlines and C/O ratio distributions in protoplanetary disks using infrared spectroscopic observations

*Shota Notsu1, Hideko Nomura2, Daiki Ishimoto1,2, Mitsuhiko Honda3 (1.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Department of Physics, School of Medicine, Kurume University)

Keywords:snowline, protoplanetary disk, chemical reactions, C/O ratio, infrared spectroscopic observation, planet formation

Protoplanetary disks are active environment for the creation of relativley simple molecules (e.g., H2O, CO, CO2, HCN) and complex organic molecules (COMs). The emission lines of these simple molecules from disks are detected by the infrared spectroscopic observations using Spitzer space telescope and large ground-based telescopes like VLT, Keck (e.g, Pontoppidan et al. 2010a&b, Mandell et al. 2012).
Since protoplanetary disks rotate with keplerian velocity, the emissions from disks have characteristic profiles due to doppler shift. Analyzing the profiles of lines, we will obtain the information on the distance from the central star of the line emitting regions. We have calculated the chemical structures of protoplanetary disks and radiative transfer of H2O lines, and have proposed the method to locate the H2O distributions of near the midplane of the inner disk, using spectroscopic observations. We have found that we can obtain the information on the H2O snowline through investigating the profiles of some emissions that have small Einstein A coefficient and relatively large energy in the upper level (e.g., Notsu et al. 2016a, ApJ submitted, 2016b, in prep.).
It is thought that difference in snowlines of oxygen- and carbon-bearing molecules, such as H2O, CO, HCN, CO2, will result in systematic variations in the C/O ratio both in the gas and ice (e.g., Oberg et al. 2011, Pontoppidan et al. 2014). In addition, the C/O ratio of atomosphere of some exoplanets (e.g., Hot Jupiter) were measured by recent studies (e.g, Madhusudhan et al. 2014). Therefore, the planet forming regions could be confined through comparing the radial distributions of C/O ratio in disks and those of planetary atmospheres.
In this study, we developed our calculations of disk chemical structures for T Tauri disk, and investigate the abundance distributions of simple molecules. We then calculated radiative transfer of various lines of simple molecules. We found that through investigating the profiles of lines with various Einstein A coefficients and excitation energies, we can detect C/O ratio distributions of various molecules in disks. For example, HCN lines from a T Tauri disk in 14μm band reflect gas distributions of inner disks. In contrast, HCN lines in 3μm bands reflect those of outer disks. We also discuss the possibility to measure such molecular lines with future near- and mid-infrared spectroscopic observations. In addition, we will discuss the results for Herbig Ae disk case, if we have a time.