Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG20] Intermediate-depth and deep earthquakes: their origins and material properties of subducting slabs

Tue. May 24, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201A (2F)

Convener:*Keiko Kuge(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Saeko Kita(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Alexandre Schubnel(CNRS), Geoffrey Abers(Cornell University, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, New York, USA), Chair:Keiko Kuge(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), 国立研究開発法人 防災科学技術研究所

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[SCG20-04] Static and dynamic parameters of deep earthquakes from global seismic data

*Piero Poli1 (1.EAPS MIT, Camrbidge USA)

Keywords:Deep and intermediate depth earthquakes, Seismology, P waves

We study the radiated energy and rupture duration for more than 500 deep and intermediate depth earthquakes (depth>50km and M>5.5). The average source time function is obtained by stacking broadband P-wave pulses recorded globally and used to measure the rupture durations, by comparing alternative versions of the same waveform. The radiated energy is obtained by integration of velocity spectrum observed at each station and corrected for radiation pattern and propagation effects.
The global analysis of the rupture duration show how beyond the scattering of the scaled duration seen on the data, the depth reduction of the duration can principally be explained by incremental shear velocity with depth. Furthermore, the duration to moment comparison shows how 1/3 scaling is not valid for deep seismicity, suggesting a difference in dynamic for small and large events. The existence of a different scaling law is further corroborated by the analysis of scaled energy, which is not constant as function of moment.
The radiated energy and rupture duration are combined to derive stress drop, apparent stress, efficiency and other parameters of the rupture. The global analysis of these parameters suggests how deep and intermediate depth events are systematically different from shallow earthquakes. We further derive rupture velocity for some of the studied events, to get further information on the dynamic properties of the rupture process.
Coherent variation of the derived rupture parameters are seen when along strike events are analyzed by clusters, suggesting how deep earthquakes cannot be reduced in a single group, while a diversity of deep and intermediate depth earthquakes should exists. Comparison of our measures with independent geophysical properties of slabs as plate age, thermal parameter and convergence rate is done, in order to unravel any possible relation between the subudction zone style and its associated seismicity.