10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[SCG20-06] Deep Earthquakes Isolated from Present-Day Active Wadati-Benioff Seismic Zones: Seismogenesis in Detached and Fragmented Slabs associated with the M7.9 Bonin Deep Event of 30 May 2015 and Similar Examples
Keywords:Deep earthquake, Slab detachment, Isolated intraslab earthquakes
Events in this class of deep earthquakes that are isolated from active W-B zone earthquakes are reported in other localities worldwide, including Tonga, Vityaz (North Fiji Basin), and possibly southern Spain. Such deep events have been considered as seismogeneis in detached or fragmented slab material that has foundered to near the bottom of Earth’s transition zone (Kirby et al., 1996; Okal and Kirby, PEPI, 1998; Okal, PEPI, 2001) where stresses may be generated by heterogeneous volume changes associated with the metastable olivine->spinel metamorphic reaction. How and why slab fragments become detached has been suggested to be a possible consequence of collisions of oceanic plateaus or island arcs with oceanic forearcs leading to arc reversal and/or fragmentation of normal oceanic lithosphere from plateau lithosphere. The Igasawara Plateau is currently colliding with the Bonin forearc just to the south of the 30 May 2015 deep event. The Bonin Ridge may represent a thick section of thick remnant crust that detached its slab that later foundered in mantle fall free to the bottom of the mantle transition zone in the source region of the 2015 shock. This ridge is an unusual feature of the Bonin forearc with its steep scarp-like western margin and rift between it and the Bonin arc massif to the west. The most straightforward interpretation of the above facts is that the Bonin Ridge is a collisional arc remnant accreted to the Bonin forearc and that the western part of the Pacific Plate detached via normal faulting and foundered to mantle transition zone depths.