Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG21] Recent advances and future directions in slow earthquake science

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Michael Brudzinski(Miami University), Ryosuke Ando(Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Amanda Thomas(University of Oregon), Chair:Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[SCG21-02] Tremor activities beneath the Hinagu fault zone (2)

*Masahiro Miyazaki1, Satoshi Matsumoto2, Hiroshi Shimizu2 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2.SEVO, Kyushu Univ.)

Keywords:the Hinagu fault zone, inland active fault, non-volcanic tremor

Non-volcanic tremor induced by dynamic stresses has been detected in the Hinagu fault zone (Chao and Obara, 2015). We notice that the tremor occurred at the deep extension of the fault zone (Miyazaki et al., 2015). In addition, from the velocity structure estimated by seismic tomography (Matsubara and Obara, 2011), there are low P-wave velocity zone at the deep part of the source region and high P-wave velocity anomaly in the shallow seismogenic zone. Therefore, the tremor is possibly occured in the transient zone between the seismogenic zone and the ductile lower crust (Miyazaki et al., 2015).
The existence of the “ambient” tremor is a clue to understand the source process. In previous study, we applied the matched filter technique (Gibbons and Ringdal, 2006) to the continuous seismic records and recognized some small tremor activities (Miyazaki et al., 2014, SSJ). In this study, we report the results from other template events that were detected in the previous study and characterized by apparently short duration compared with triggered tremors.
We also tried to estimate magnitude-frequency relation of the detected events. Magnitudes were distributed between -0.4 and -1.0. However, most detected events had low signal-to-noise ratios. The b-values of tremor activities are relatively higher than that of shallow earthquake activities.
In addition, we found several tremor burst episodes. Its typical time constant was several ten minutes. Detected signals during the burst had not large amplitude and sometimes they were comparable with noises. The rise of amplitude with long duration like ambient tremor discovered in the plate boundaries (Obara, 2002) were not seen clearly. That might be from small slip area that was characterized by high Vp/Vs ratio compared with plate boundaries (Shelly et al., 2006; Matsubara and Obara, 2011).

We used the data recorded at Kyushu University, Kagoshima University, the Japan Meteorological Agency and the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention.