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[SCG21-P02] Detection of deep low frequency tremor triggered by teleseismic surface wave based on matched filter technique
Keywords:slow earthquake, deep low frequency tremor, triggered tremor, matched filter technique
We first compared the spectrum of tremor triggered by the 11 Apr. 2012 Mw8.6 Sumatra earthquake and that of ambient tremor that occurred at almost the same location in Mie prefecture, Central Japan, by using the waveform data recorded by densely distributed high-sensitivity seismograph network in Japan (Hi-net) operated by National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention. As a result, triggered tremor and ambient tremor showed almost the same spectral property.
Next, we applied the matched filter technique to waveform data with a passband of 2–8 Hz. As template events, we used low frequency events (LFEs) detected by Japan Meteorological Agency in 2014 with the epicentral distance from the triggered tremor of shorter than 30 km. The time length of each template event is five seconds including the arrival of S wave. The cross correlation between 355 template events and three-component waveform data recorded at 10 Hi-net stations including the surface wave of teleseismic earthquake were calculated. Then, we detected similar events to templates by using a threshold for the summed cross correlation coefficients.
We applied the matched filter technique for one hour-length data at 2012 Sumatra earthquake. Although the triggered tremor corresponding to each phase of the surface wave were clearly observed at the beginning part of the arrival of the surface wave from the band-pass filtered seismograms, no event having high cross correlation to the LFE templates was detected. On the other hand, after about 400 seconds from the beginning of triggered tremor, events with high cross correlation were detected. This result may suggest the change in waveform of triggered tremor due to migration during a sequence of triggered tremor.