Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG21] Recent advances and future directions in slow earthquake science

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Michael Brudzinski(Miami University), Ryosuke Ando(Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Amanda Thomas(University of Oregon)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SCG21-P16] Magneto-telluric monitoring for probing changes in crustal resistivity associated with slow earthquakes

*Futoshi Yamashita1, Yoshimori Honkura1 (1.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

Keywords:Slow earthquake, Crustal resistivity, Magneto-telluric monitoring

In southwest Japan, various slow earthquakes such as deep low-frequency tremor, deep very-low-frequency earthquake, and short-term slow slip events occur at the subducting plate interface (e.g. Obara, 2002, Scinence; Ito et al., 2007, Science; Hirose and Obara, 2005, EPS). To understand their mechanisms by probing the associated structural changes around the plate interface, we have been carrying out continuous magneto-telluric (MT) observations in western Shikoku, Japan since 2008. MT survey along the dip direction of subducting Philippine Sea plate revealed an existence of low-resistivity structure in the lower crust in this region (Yamashita and Obara, 2009, AGU). Two observational sites KBN and SGW were installed on the survey line. The observation at SGW terminated and representative observation at IKT, which is about 10 km away from the survey line, has started in 2010. Qualities of the data recorded at these sites are relatively fine. However, to further improve the quality, we are applying a data processing method same as Honkura et al. (2013, Nat. commun.); we use only data whose coherency between electric and magnetic field is higher than a threshold. Using the high-quality data, we estimate daily MT parameters, apparent resistivities and phases at nine frequencies from 0.00055Hz to 0.141Hz. As a result of the careful data analysis, we found some temporal changes in MT parameters. They should not be originated from a noise but the structural change in crust, because amounts of the changes in apparent resistivity and phase over nine frequencies are consistent with the theoretical relation in MT method. In addition, those temporal changes are common among two observational sites. We further found that the changes in the MT parameters looked correlated with the activity of the deep low-frequency tremor beneath the observational sites. Based on the surveyed resistivity structure, we will further investigate amount and location of the resistivity changes.