5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SCG58-P14] Deformation experiments of ringwoodite at low temperature conditions
High-pressure deformation experiments were conducted at 9-13 GPa and 500°C in constant-strain rate mode by Deformation-DIA apparatus installed at NE7 and BL04B1 beamlines in synchrotron facilities of PF-AR and SPring-8, respectively. We synthesized a polycrystalline ringwoodite with height of 1.2 mm and diameter of 0.9 mm at 22 GPa and 1400°C for 180 min from a single crystalline San Carlos olivine using a Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus in Kyushu University. This was recovered and used as a starting material for the deformation experiment. Differential stress and axial strain of ringwoodite samples were estimated from the distortion of Debye ring and radiography image using 50 keV monochromatic X-ray.
Although deformation experiments were performed outside the ringwoodite stability field, we did not observe the back transformation up to at least 500°C. The sample stress almost reached steady state at the strain of about 3%, and then slightly increased under strain up to ~20%, suggesting the strain hardening. The effect of pressure was negligible in our experimental condition. The flow stresses of ringwoodite obtained at 500°C were 2.6-5.1 GPa at the constant strain rates of 1.2-5.9x10-5 s-1, which is smaller than those obtained at room temperature in the previous study (Nishiyama et al., 2005). Preliminary analysis of the creep data indicates that the stress exponent is about 6. The relatively large stress exponent may suggest that ringwoodite was deformed in low-temperature plasticity regime although further experiments are needed to construct the quantitative flow law.