Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG63] Dynamics in mobile belts

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A08 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Norio Shigematsu(Research Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Hikaru Iwamori(Geochemical Evolution Research Program, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yasutaka Ikeda(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Keisuke Yoshida(National research institute for earth science and disaster prevention)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[SCG63-32] Various fault geometries in the source regions of normal faulting sequences induced by the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku-Oki

*Aitaro Kato1, Kazushige Obara2, Shin'ichi Sakai2, Tetsuya Takeda3, Takashi Iidaka2, Takaya Iwasaki2 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 2.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 3.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

We relocated numerous earthquakes in the source regions of normal faulting sequences induced by the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku-Oki, using seismic waveforms retrieved from a dense seismic network deployed after the Tohoku-Oki earthquake. The seismic network has consisted of around 60 portable stations equipped with short-period sensors. Initially, we detected earthquakes from continuous waveforms from July 2011 to June 2014, by applying an automatic detection algorithm. Then, we calculated differential arrival times obtained by the automatically picked and waveform correlation method. We obtained more accurate differential arrival times that contained 56 million P wave observations and 51 million S wave observations for use in the double difference relocation. Applying a double-difference algorithm to the arrival data-set, we succeeded to relocate ~200000 earthquakes with high accuracy. We found that most earthquakes show planar alignments, and the fault distribution varies along the source region. At the northern part, many tiny fault planes are distributed like a flower structure. In contrast, a sharp fault well develops in the central portion. The thinnest width of the sharp fault is close to only 100 m. At the southern part, there are some conjugate fault systems. These spatial variations of fault geometries in the source region of normal faulting sequence reflect fault evolutions.