Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG63] Dynamics in mobile belts

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Norio Shigematsu(Research Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Hikaru Iwamori(Geochemical Evolution Research Program, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yasutaka Ikeda(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SCG63-P21] Localized chemical changes of the fault gouges at the Awano-Tabiki outcrop of the Median Tectonic Line in Matsusaka-city, Mie Prefecture

Yuta Yamada1, Chisaki Inaoi2, *Tomoyuki Ohtani1, Jun Kameda2, Norio Shigematsu3, Satoru Kojima1 (1.Gifu University, 2.Hokkaido University, 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

Keywords:localized chemical changes, fault gouges, Median Tectonic Line

The Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is the longest onshore fault in Japan, and it is accompanied by long deformation history and large fault zones. As the MTL has long history, the records of faultings at variable depth of the crust are expected to be well preserved. In this study, we analyzed the chemical and mineral compositions at a large outcrop exposed at Tabiki-Awano, Matsusaka-city, Mie Prefecture to understand the chemical change of the fault in the crust using the X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF) and the powder X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). For the XRD, the mineral assemblage analysis was performed by RockJock (Eberl, 2003).
At the Awano-Tabiki outcrop, the MTL juxtaposes the Sambagawa metamorphic rocks to the south (the footwall) against sedimentary rocks corresponding to the Izumi Group to the north (the hanging wall). The Sambagawa metamorphic rocks are variably damaged to the south by faulting with the dextral sense of shear for the distance about 20 m from the lithological boundary (Shigematsu et al., 2015). Two slip zones comprising fault gouges distribute along the lithological boundary and a few meters beneath the boundary in the footwall. As the latter exhibits sharp distribution, this would be the principal slip zone. The principal slip zone consists of the foliated black gouge, gray gouge and unfoliated black gouge. As the gray gouge exhibits sharp boundaries and continuous distribution, this is expected to be the latest slip zone.
The results of the XRF show the increases of CaO, MgO, Fe2O3, Ignition Loss and the decrease of SiO2 in the gray gouge. The contents of Na2O, Al2O3, CaO, MnO, MgO, Fe2O3 are different between the both sides of the principal slip zone. No remarkable change of chemical composition is detected except the principal slip zone and rock fragments. The results of RockJock show the difference of the clay mineral contents between the both side of the principal slip zone and the distinct increases of smectite and dolomite in the principal slip zone. No remarkable change of the mineral assemblage is detected except the principal slip zone and rock fragments.
To discuss the chemical change in the principal slip zone, we examine the possibility that the decrease of SiO2 is a relative change due to the increases of the CaO, MgO and Fe2O3 as carbonate minerals. The increases of Ca, Mg and Fe from the host rock are defined as three different variables. The relative decrease of SiO2 is calculated from these variables, and they are calculated by the least square method. The result of the calculation shows that the chemical change of the principal slip zone is explained by the addition of carbonate minerals to the adjacent fault rock in the footwall side.
Although the thickness of the fault zone is large, the distinct changes of chemical compositions and mineral assemblages concentrate only in the principal slip zone. Oohashi et al. (2015) reported that the frictional coefficient is drastically decreased in the slip zone with > 30 wt% of smectite. The principal slip zone is estimated to be very weak due to the formation of smectite.

Eberl (2003) USGS Open-File Rep., 2003-78.
Oohashi et al. (2015) Jour. Geophys. Res., 120, 1572–1586.
Shigematsu et al. (2015) JpGU abstrasts, SCG57-21.