Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM05] Full vector geomagnetic and paleomagnetic secular variation: direction, intensity and dynamo simulations

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Hidetoshi Shibuya(Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Yuhji Yamamoto(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Greig Paterson(Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences), Maxwell Brown(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Chair:Greig A Paterson(Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Yuhji Yamamoto(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Koji Fukuma(Department of Environmental System Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University)

9:40 AM - 9:55 AM

[SEM05-03] Secular variation of inclination with a timescale of tens of thousand years

*Toshitsugu Yamazaki1, Takaya Shimono2,3, Seiko Inoue2 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The Univerisity of Tsukuba, 3.Gas Hydrate Research Laboratory, Meiji University)

Keywords:geomagnetic secular variaiton, inclination, Okhotsk Sea

Relative paleointensity records of marine sediments revealed that geomagnetic field fluctuations between polarity reversals contain variations with a timescale of tens of thousand years and longer. However, discussion on directional secular variations has been limited for timescale of tens to a few thousand years in general. This is probably because directional variations of the timescale of tens of thousand years are not easy to be detected due to the small amplitude of variations, often close to measurement errors, and difficulty in precise inter-core correlations. Exceptionally, inclination variations of the timescale of tens of thousand years were discussed using sediments from the western equatorial Pacific in terms of possible relations with persistent non-dipole components and orbital forcing (Yamazaki and Ioka, 1994; Yamazaki and Oda, 2002; Yamazaki et al., 2008). We revisited the problem of the long-term inclination secular variations using sediments from the Okhotsk Sea; three piston cores and nine gravity cores adjacent to each other were available. The sediments are of late Pleistocene age, and relative paleointensity was used for the age control. Inclination variations with the timescale of several to tens of thousand years are visible. Further accumulation of datasets for better spatial and temporal distribution is expected for elucidating geomagnetic field behavior of this timescale. For tectonic application of paleomagnetism assuming the virtual geocentric axial dipole field, a period of order of 100 kyr is required to average out secular variations to detect differences of several degrees in paleolatitudes.