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[SEM34-09] Spatial and temporal variation of vorticity at the core surface estimated from geomagnetic field data
Keywords:vorticity, core surface flow, geomagnetic field
A core surface flow model between 1840 and 1990 has been derived from a geomagnetic field model, gufm1 (Jackson et al., 2000). Temporal variations of the flow model contain information on phenomena in relation with core-mantle coupling, such as the LOD (length-of-day), and spin-up/spin-down of core flows. In particular, core surface flows inside the viscous layer at the CMB may reveal an interesting feature in relation with Earth’s rotation.
In this paper, we have examined time series of the LOD, kinetic energy of core surface flow, and vorticity derived from the flow model. We could not find any clear correlation between the LOD and kinetic energy of core flow within the boundary layer, and rates of changes in the LOD and the kinetic energy. Also the z-component of global vorticity calculated from core surface flows inside and below the boundary layer was turned out to have little correlation to the LOD. By focusing on a specific longitude or latitude, however, the z-component of local vorticity reveals moderate correlation to the LOD. This result may be explained in terms of conservation of the potential vorticity.