Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM34] Geomagnetism, paleomagnetism and rock magnetism

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall A (2F)

Convener:*Masaki Matsushima(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research), Chair:Hiroyuki Hoshi(Department of Earth Sciences, Aichi University of Education), Hirokuni Oda(Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[SEM34-15] Viscous remanent magnetitization of tsunamigenic boulders and the age of tsunami events

*Tetsuro Sato1, Norihiro Nakamura1,2, Kazuhisa Goto2, Masaki Yamada3, Yuho Kumagai1, Takayuki Tonosaki1, Koji Minoura1 (1.Graduate School of Earth Science, Tohoku University, 2.International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS),Tohoku University, 3.Graduate School of Life and Environmental Science, University of Tsukuba)

Keywords:tsunamigenic boulder, viscous remanent magnetization, time-temperature relation

Along some coastlines in Japan, there are erratic boulders apparently emplaced by tsunamis. The key to understanding of past tsunami events is the ability to accurately date the emplaced age of boulders. Although radiocarbon is one of powerful tools for dating boulders, subsequent movements and non-organic rocks (sedimentary rocks and volcanic rocks) cannot be dated. To overcome this problem, we use viscous remanent magnetization (VRM). Viscous remanent magnetization (VRM) partially overprints original magnetization in rocks displaced by paleotsunami events. If a magnetic-mineral bearing rock is moved or re-oriented, the magnetism of the smaller magnetic grains re-aligns to the direction of the ambient magnetic field with time. This phenomenon is well known as Neel’s (1949, 1955) single-domain (SD) relaxation theory. Pullaiah et al. (1975) derived a time-temperature (t-T relation) relation by assuming Neel’s theory of magnetite. In principle, an experimental combination of short relaxation time and high temperature for removing VRM can determine the unknown relaxation time (tsunami age) at room temperature. We tested this hypothesis to tsunamigenic boulders consisted of coral limestone in Ishigaki Island, sand stone in Beppu bay and welded tuff in Sanriku coast. The demagnetized paths of all samples have VRM turning points, and their demagnetization temperatures are compatible or higher value of the Neel’s hypothesis.