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[SGC16-03] Noble gas and halogen subduction processes constrained by the analysis of olivines from Izu-Mariana arc lavas
Keywords:halogen, noble gas, subduction, mantle, volatile recycling
The 3He/4He ratios of samples are in the range of the mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) value. This is consistent with helium isotope ratios of the subduction zone mantle xenolith , which indicates a considerably low contribution to the mantle wedge beneath the arc of radiogenic 4He in the subduction fluids observed in the Sanbagawa samples exhumed from depths in the range from 30 to 100 km [1,2]. In contrast, the 40Ar/36Ar ratios for each volcano (299–620) are significantly lower than the MORB source (up to 32,000 ), which indicates significant involvement of atmospheric Ar (40Ar/36Ar = 296) in the arc magmas. Systematically higher 40Ar/36Ar ratios in the rear arc than in the volcanic front suggest that subduction of seawater-derived Ar has a significant effect on the noble gas composition of the magma-generation region. Although the halogen compositions of most of the olivines are close to that of MORB-source mantle, some samples from the rear-arc regions show a significant contribution from pore-fluid-derived halogens. Combined with the noble gas results, halogen-poor fluid associated with atmospheric noble gases may be dominantly released from the subducting slab beneath the arc, while halogen supply from the subducted slab is limited to the magma generation region beneath some volcanoes in the rear arc. This implies the relative persistence of halogens in the subducting slab compared with noble gases.
A simple mass balance calculation of subducted and mantle-derived Ar isotopes reveals that higher subduction flux than that of seawater-derived Ar in the pore fluids of the subducting sediment/crust is required. Although the serpentinized lithosphere in the subducting slab has been regarded as the best candidate for the carrier of seawater-derived Ar with high subduction flux , the ratios of halogens and noble gases to water of slab-derived fluids preserved in the fluid inclusions of subduction zone mantle peridotites are inconsistent with the ratios in serpentinites collected from the Earth’s surface. This requires strong coupling behavior of halogens and noble gases with their host water during hydration of the subducting materials, release of aqueous fluids from subducted slab, and upward migration of the fluids in the mantle wedge. It remains unclear whether noble gases and halogens in the subducting materials are completely released beneath the Izu-Mariana rear arc. However, the presence of seawater-like noble gases in the convecting mantle  implies that a small portion of seawater-dissolved atmospheric noble gases may be transported to greater depths in the deeper mantle, and then incorporated into the mantle convection.
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