3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[SGC16-07] Hydrous bridgmanite: Water storage capacity in the lower mantle
Keywords:hydrous bridgmanite, lower mantle, Synchrotron X-ray in situ experiment, neutron diffraction, elastic property
We have been conducting the study for the stability and water solubility of hydrous and nominally anhydrous minerals, and the recent target is the effect of Al. In this process, we found that Al-bearing bridgmanite (Mg-silicate perovskite) can contain significant amount of water. The possible H substitution mechanism can be proposed by means of chemical compositional relationship between Mg, Si, Al and H. In addition, we clarified the possible H position in the bridgmanite by means of the powder neutron diffraction analysis in J-PARC, together with the single crystal X-ray structural analysis in PF. This shows that the significant amount of H (water) can be stored in the Earth’s lower mantle.
Because of the H in the bridgmanite, the physical properties of the bridgmanite can be changed. The information is very important to discuss the water content and the composition in the lower mantle. We have also conducted the equation of state and the ultrasonic wave velocity measurements of hydrous bridgmanite in BL04B1, SPring-8 to determine the elastic wave velocities and the elastic properties under high pressure and temperature condition. In this talk, I will introduce about our “hydrous bridgmanite” project.