4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[SGC16-10] Global fluxes of fluorine and sulfur efficiently released at mid-ocean ridges
Keywords:fluorine flux, sulfur flux, carbon flux, mid-ocean ridge basalt, hydrothermal fluid, volcanic gas
1) Multiplication of fluorine concentrations in submarine hydrothermal fluids and the fluid flux at MOR may provide an estimate of fluorine flux at MOR. A worldwide vent chemistry research suggested that vent fluids are depleted in fluorine (<0.74 ppm F) relative to seawater (1.29 ppm F). The global flux of vent fluids of (8.0+/-2.1)x1015 g/y was calculated using a numerical Bayesian inversion procedure to explain the relationship between compositions of hydrothermal fluids and altered sheeted dikes. This value is not consistent with the flux of (3.1+/-0.7)x1016 g/y obtained based on the 3He concentration of (1.7+/-0.2)x10-14 mol/g (1σ) in 10 high temperature (>200°C) hydrothermal fluids at EPR and MAR, and the MOR 3He flux of (527+/-102) mol/y. These two fluid fluxes, when multiplied by the maximum fluorine concentration of 3.88x10-8 mol/g, provides fluorine fluxes ranging from 3.1x108 mol/y to 1.2x109 mol/y with an average of (7.6+/-4.5)x108 mol/y.
2) Multiplication of F/3He ratios in MORB vesicles and 3He flux will provide another fluorine flux. We analysed eight MORB vesicles (13°N,17°S on EPR; 15°N,30°N,37°N on MAR; 24°S-25°S on CIR) with a crushing technique extracting fluorine and helium simultaneously. Fluorine was extracted into alkaline solution and measured by an ion chromatography (ICS-2100; Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.), while helium was measured by a noble gas MS (VG5400; Waters Corp.), both housed at AORI. F/3He ratios in vesicles range from 2.0x105 to <2.8x107 with an average of (1.2+/-0.5)x106 (1σ), providing a global fluorine flux of (6.4+/-3.1)x108 mol/y by multiplying the MOR 3He flux.
One might calculate a weighted mean of two MOR fluorine fluxes to be (6.8+/-2.5)x108 mol/y. However it should be noted that the actual MOR fluorine flux may be lower than this flux because the applied fluorine concentration in hydrothermal fluids is an upper limit, and seawater contamination was not deconvolved for MORB vesicles. We also note that this flux is much lower than flux (1.13x1012 mol/y) estimated using the F/CO2 ratio in the MORB source and CO2 flux from the mantle, implying that the most part of fluorine resides in the melt and is not released immediately after the oceanic crust production.
Sulfur flux, together with carbon, will be estimated based on chemistry of vent fluids and MORB vesicles, which is similar approach as for fluorine. In addition, comparing MOR and arc fluxes, the global cycles of fluorine, sulfur, and carbon will be discussed in the presentation.
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