Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC16] Volatile Cycles in the Deep Earth - from Subduction Zones to the Mantle and Core

Wed. May 25, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 304 (3F)

Convener:*Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Colin Jackson(Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington), Chair:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[SGC16-10] Global fluxes of fluorine and sulfur efficiently released at mid-ocean ridges

Takanori Kagoshima1, *Yuji Sano1, Naoto Takahata1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

Keywords:fluorine flux, sulfur flux, carbon flux, mid-ocean ridge basalt, hydrothermal fluid, volcanic gas

Fluorine and sulfur are major components of high temperature volcanic gases, and significantly affect surface environments due to high chemical activity. Therefore their fluxes between the mantle and surface environments are important to elucidate evolutionary histories of Earth’s atmosphere and ocean. We estimated fluorine and sulfur fluxes at mid-ocean ridges (MOR) based on chemistry of submarine vent fluids and MORB vesicles which may reflect components efficiently released from magmas through upward propagation of film ruptures by bubble expansions during decompression[1]. Fluorine flux was constrained by two methods as follows:
1) Multiplication of fluorine concentrations in submarine hydrothermal fluids and the fluid flux at MOR may provide an estimate of fluorine flux at MOR. A worldwide vent chemistry research[2] suggested that vent fluids are depleted in fluorine (<0.74 ppm F) relative to seawater (1.29 ppm F). The global flux of vent fluids of (8.0+/-2.1)x1015 g/y was calculated using a numerical Bayesian inversion procedure to explain the relationship between compositions of hydrothermal fluids and altered sheeted dikes[3]. This value is not consistent with the flux of (3.1+/-0.7)x1016 g/y obtained based on the 3He concentration of (1.7+/-0.2)x10-14 mol/g (1σ) in 10 high temperature (>200°C) hydrothermal fluids at EPR and MAR[4], and the MOR 3He flux of (527+/-102) mol/y[5]. These two fluid fluxes, when multiplied by the maximum fluorine concentration of 3.88x10-8 mol/g, provides fluorine fluxes ranging from 3.1x108 mol/y to 1.2x109 mol/y with an average of (7.6+/-4.5)x108 mol/y.
2) Multiplication of F/3He ratios in MORB vesicles and 3He flux will provide another fluorine flux. We analysed eight MORB vesicles (13°N,17°S on EPR; 15°N,30°N,37°N on MAR; 24°S-25°S on CIR) with a crushing technique extracting fluorine and helium simultaneously[6]. Fluorine was extracted into alkaline solution and measured by an ion chromatography (ICS-2100; Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.), while helium was measured by a noble gas MS (VG5400; Waters Corp.), both housed at AORI. F/3He ratios in vesicles range from 2.0x105 to <2.8x107 with an average of (1.2+/-0.5)x106 (1σ), providing a global fluorine flux of (6.4+/-3.1)x108 mol/y by multiplying the MOR 3He flux.
One might calculate a weighted mean of two MOR fluorine fluxes to be (6.8+/-2.5)x108 mol/y. However it should be noted that the actual MOR fluorine flux may be lower than this flux because the applied fluorine concentration in hydrothermal fluids is an upper limit, and seawater contamination was not deconvolved for MORB vesicles. We also note that this flux is much lower than flux (1.13x1012 mol/y) estimated using the F/CO2 ratio in the MORB source and CO2 flux from the mantle[7], implying that the most part of fluorine resides in the melt and is not released immediately after the oceanic crust production.
Sulfur flux, together with carbon, will be estimated based on chemistry of vent fluids and MORB vesicles, which is similar approach as for fluorine. In addition, comparing MOR and arc fluxes, the global cycles of fluorine, sulfur, and carbon will be discussed in the presentation.
[1]Namiki & Kagoshima (2014)JGR Solid Earth 119, 919-935. [2]German & Von Damm (2004)Treatise On Geochemistry 6 (eds Holland & Turekian)181-222. [3]Coogan & Dosso (2012)EPSL 323-324, 92-101. [4]Kagoshima et al. (2015)Sci. Rep. 5, 8330. [5]Bianchi et al. (2010)EPSL 297, 379-386. [6]Kagoshima et al. (2012)Geochem. J. 46, e21-e26. [7]Fischer (2008)Geochem. J. 42, 21-38.