5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SGC16-P02] Hydrogen diffusion experiment in apatite: Effect of different water content
Keywords:apatite, hydrogen, diffusion, SIMS
Hydrogen diffusion in apatite has been recently reported that hydrogen diffusion is caused by hydrogen exchange reaction between the original OH and the diffused hydrogen from water . The H2O concentration in apatite might be possible to control the hydrogen diffusivity. In this study, we performed hydrothermal diffusion experiment with higher water content of Imilchil apatite than that of Durango apatite (e.g.,H2O: ~800ppm ) in order to estimate the hydrogen diffusivity of Imilchil apatite.
Apatite crystal from Imilchil, Morocco (H2O: ~10000 ppm) (e.g., ) was used for hydrogen diffusion experiment in this study. Specimens were cut along to c–axis and polished with several grades of diamond. Since apatite originally has hydrogen as OH, we chose 2H2O as diffusion source and 2H was used as a tracer of hydrogen diffusivity in apatite . Specimens were annealed under the same conditions of . H–diffusion coefficients in the samples were determined using depth profiles of 2H concentration of the samples obtained by Cameca ims 4f-E7 secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) at LPS Kyoto University.
The depth profiles of 1H and 2H close to the surface region in Imilchil apatite show that the 1H-2H exchange reactions control the diffusion mechanism, which is consistent with that of Durango apatite . H-diffusion coefficients of Imilchil apatite are higher than those of Durango apatite by a factor of about 2. The activation energy of hydrogen diffusion in Imilchil apatite is consistent with that of Durango apatite, which is similar to that of OH-bearing silicate minerals (e.g., ). Hydrogen diffusion coefficients are several orders of magnitude faster than that of other elements (e.g., O and Sr, ; Mn and U, ). As results, this study indicates that the effect of hydrogen diffusion in apatites during hydrothermal geological events should be considered to estimate the origin of magmatic water from hydrogen isotopic compositions of apatite crystals.
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