Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GC Geochemistry

[S-GC16] Volatile Cycles in the Deep Earth - from Subduction Zones to the Mantle and Core

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Colin Jackson(Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SGC16-P05] MORB-like and radiogenic/nucleogenic noble gas components in southern Patagonian subcontinental lithospheric mantle

Tiago Jalowitzki1, *Hirochika Sumino2, Rommulo V Conceição1, Yuji Orihashi3, Keisuke Nagao4, Gustavo W Bertotto5, Eduardo Balbinot6, Manuel Schilling7, Fernanda Gervasoni8 (1.Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2.Dept. of Basic Science, Grad. School of Arts and Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, Univ. of Tokyo, 4.Korea Polar Research Institute, 5.CONICET, Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, 6.Univ. of Surrey, 7.Universidad Austral de Chile, 8.Westfählische-Wilhelms-Universität Münster)

Keywords:noble gas, mantle xenolith, Patagonia, subduction, subcontinental lithospheric mantle

Southern Andean Patagonia is one of the few sites where interactions between oceanic and continental lithosphere due to the subduction of an active spreading ridge beneath continent can be investigated. In order to characterize the noble gas composition of Patagonian subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) we analyzed noble gas and lithophile (Sr–Nd–Pb) isotopes of mantle xenoliths from Pali–Aike Volcanic Field and Gobernador Gregores in southern Patagonia.
Noble gas composition of the mantle xenoliths reflects three-component mixing between air, SCLM and MORB-like. Pali-Aike mantle xenoliths represent the intrinsic local SCLM reservoir with higher (U+Th+K)/(3He, 22Ne, 36Ar) ratios than MORB source. This mantle reservoir is characterized by radiogenic 3He/4HeAVERAGE = 6.87 ± 0.04 RA and nucleogenic mantle neon with 21Ne/22Ne average of 0.090, with 3He/22Ne ratios (up to 13.66 ± 0.37) higher than depleted MORBs (8.31–9.75). 40Ar/36Ar ratios vary from near–atmospheric ratio (510) up to 16400, with mantle 40Ar/36Ar reaching 54000. Mantle 129Xe/132Xe reach up to 1.11, whereas 136Xe/132Xe up to 0.40. Gobernador Gregores mantle xenoliths represent the SCLM metasomatized by MORB-like component with 3He/4HeAVERAGE = 7.24 ± 0.09 RA, slightly less nucleogenic mantle neon with 21Ne/22Ne = 0.065, 3He/22Ne = 8.39 ± 0.14, and 40Ar/36Ar ratios usually less than 4000.
Based on these new data, we conclude that the highly radiogenic/nucleogenic signature of Pali–Aike mantle xenoliths compared to the MORB source represents an intrinsic feature of the SCLM reservoir beneath southern Patagonia. This signature could have been homogenized during the last 14 Ma, after rapid the passage and northward migration of the Chile Triple Junction and its slab window at this latitude. On the other hand, the less radiogenic/nucleogenic MORB–like component identified in Gobernador Gregores mantle xenoliths can be explained by recent metasomatism of the SCLM due to the asthenospheric mantle upwelling in response to the opening of a slab window beneath Patagonia because of South Chile Ridge subduction.