5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[SGL37-P05] Geological provenance based on detrital chromian spinels from the Lower Cretaceous in the Kurosegawa Belt, SW Japan
Keywords:Kurosegawa Belt, detrital chromian spinels, Lower Cretaceous sediments, Monobegawa Group, Nankai Group, Pre-Sotoizumi Group
The Lower Cretaceous of the Kurosegawa Belt divided into following four groups; the Monobegawa, Nankai, Pre-Sotoizumi and “Nankai” groups. The Monobegawa and Nankai groups yield the northern and southern type molluscan fauna, respectively. Meanwhile, the Pre-Sotoizumi and Nankai groups yield mixed northern/southern type molluscan fauna. On the paleobiogeography, it is considered that the Monobegawa basin was in an area relatively higher in latitude than the Nankai basin, and the Pre-Sotoizumi and “Nankai” basin was in an intermediate position between the others two. Therefore, they made arrangement in a row in order of the Monobegawa, Pre-Sotoizumi/“Nankai” and Nankai basins from high- to low-latitude areas along the eastern margin of the Asian continent.
Chromian spinels are an important component mineral of serpentinite and peridotite. Since the Kurosegawa Belt consists mainly of serpentinite mélange. If detrital chromian spinels would be found in clastic rocks, it can be expected that the mafic-ultramafic rocks occurred nearby as a source rock. Thus, the mafic-ultramafic rocks might be probably brought up as a part of serpentinite mélange. In this case, serpentinite mélange might play the tectonic role of large scale strike-slip faulting. In this study, we describe newly found detrital chromian spinels from the Lower Cretaceous sediments in western and eastern Kyushu, SW Japan, and discuss their paleogeography.
In this study, it is confirmed that detrital chromian spinels occurred from the Monobegawa, Nankai and Pre-Sotoizumi groups in the Oita and Kumamoto Prefectures, western and eastern Kyushu. The chemistry of most of spinels are very similar to those from serpentinite in the Kurosegawa Belt (low Ti, Cr#=0.5-0.7). In addition, some chromian spinels coming from island arc basalt (high Ti, high YFe3+) were obtained in the Pre-Sotoizumi sandstones. Therefore, considering paleobiogeography based the molluscan fauna analysis and occurrence of detrital chromian spinels, it might be concluded that the Lower Cretaceous deposited in each basin making North-South arrangement in a row was transferred into the present position by the sinistral displacement along the mélange zone in the Kurosegawa Belt after the Cretaceous.