Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GL Geology

[S-GL39] Lower-Middle Pleistocene Boundary GSSP in the Kazusa Group

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Makoto Okada(Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research), Osamu Kazaoka(Research Institute of Environmental Geology, Chiba)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[SGL39-P02] Revised Matuyama-Brunhes polarity transition record from a marine succession at the Chiba section, a Lower-Middle Pleistocene GSSP candidate

*Makoto Okada1, Yusuke Suganuma2,3, Yuki Haneda1, Osamu Kazaoka4 (1.Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.Department of Polar Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 4.Research Institute of Environmental Geology)

Keywords:Paleomagnetism, Paleointensity, GSSP

We report revised paleomagnetic records of the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary (MBB) from a continuous marine succession at the Chiba section of the Kokumoto Formation, Kazusa Group. The Chiba section is the one of the candidate sites for the Lower-Middle Pleistocene Boundary GSSP. In the section, a wide spread tephra bed named as Byk-E is intercalated just 80 cm below the MBB. In order to provide globally comparable VGP (virtual geomagnetic pole) and paleointensity (past geomagnetic field intensities) records from the Chiba section, we have taken oriented mini-cores from a 13 meters succession with 10-cm intervals across the Byk-E tephra bed. Thermal magnetic experiments suggest that the samples include iron sulfides, magnetites but no hematite. Measurements of magnetic hysteresis indicate that the magnetic domain state is PSD. Progressive alternating field demagnetization (AFD) indicate a reversed to normal polarity transition boundary is at around 1.5 meter below the Byk-E bed as well as previous studies, however the transition boundary is observed at around 0.8 meter above the Byk-E bed in thermal demagnetization (ThD) results. Therefore, the reversed to normal polarity transition boundary seen below the Byk-E bed is thought to be overprint. This overprint, which might be carried by iron sulfide, is particularly observed in a transitional interval. Since iron sulfides generally decompose and oxidized into magnetites due to heating during ThD, the yielded magnetites have no magnetic signal but provide an over estimate of magnetic grain amount which prevents to estimate paleointensities. To provide a reliable paleointensity record, we applied to use a composite demagnetization technique consisting of a 300°C ThD and a regular progressive AFD sequence. After the 300°C ThD, most of the overprint has been removed but the magnetic susceptibility has not changed even in the air condition, indicating that iron sulfides just lose magnetic signals due to the ThD but not to change the amount of magnetic grains. The VGP latitudes and preliminary derived paleointensities using the composite demagnetization technique from the Chiba section quite match well with the U1308 records. To use the both independent techniques of oxygen isotope and paleointensity will provide a further reliable stratigraphic correlation across the Lower-Middle Pleistocene Boundary.