Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT06] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle

Mon. May 23, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 304 (3F)

Convener:*Satoru Tanaka(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Chair:Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SIT06-11] Waveform inversion for 3-D shear wave velocity structure within D” beneath the Northern Pacific and Alaska

*Yuki Suzuki1, Kenji Kawai2, Robert J. Geller1, Kensuke Konishi3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science,The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3.Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica)

Keywords:S-wave velocity structure, D", waveform inversion

We conduct waveform inversion to infer the 3-D shear wave velocity structure within D” beneath the Northern Pacific and Alaska (Fig. 1a). This region is suitable as the target for waveform inversion, since we are able to use data that densely sample the target region (the lowermost 400 km of the mantle beneath the Northern Pacific and Alaska). Our dataset consists of ~20,000 transverse components of broadband body-wave seismograms observed at North American stations (from dense receiver networks such as the USArray). We use 114 intermediate and deep events that are widely distributed throughout the western Pacific (Japan and Izu Bonin) region. We use S, ScS and other phases that arrive between them. Our dataset is homogeneous in terms of epicentral distance (Fig.1b). Resolution tests indicate that our method and data can resolve the lateral and vertical velocity profile within D” in the target region. We use two different one dimensional shear wave velocity models (Fig. 1c) as the starting model for the inversion: PREM, and a model based on mineral physics, which includes a thermal boundary layer of 100 km effective thickness. The 3-D models obtained by our inversion show that there is a high velocity area that can be interpreted as subducted paleoslabs down to about 200 km above the core-mantle boundary (CMB), a plume like low-velocity structure, and also lateral and vertical complexity that may come from interaction between the subducted paleoslabs and development of plumes within D”.